Percentage of Women in Tech & 74+ Inequality Stats 2022

by Josh Howarth - February 9, 2022

As of 2022, women held just 26.7% of tech-related jobs, and the numbers thinned out the higher up the chain you climbed. Shockingly, there are only two African American female CEOs of Fortune 500 Companies.

Even with our advances in bias awareness and gender diversity training in the workplace, the tech industry has a long way to go before achieving intersectional parity in the workplace.

So what can tech companies do to increase the percentage of women in their workplaces? Statistics show that companies implementing intersectional pay audits, gender training, and skill-based hiring practices stand the best chance of combatting gender inequality and boosting the success of women in technology.

Contents

Women in Tech Statistics - Editor's Choice

  • As of 2022, women held only 26.7% of tech-related jobs.
  • Tech firms with more than 10,000 employees report women's representation at 26.2%.
  • The percentage of women in all tech-related career levels decreased by an average of 1.8%
  • Of women working as CEOs of Fortune 500 companies, only two are African American women: Thasunda Brown Duckett of TIAA and Rosalind Brewer of Walgreens Boots Alliance.
  • Women in software engineering report a lack of equal pay, making 0.93 cents for every dollar men in the field make
  • Despite equal access, the percentage of women pursuing STEM subjects in higher education is on the decline, and women achieve just 18% of new computer sciences degrees.
  • Companies that implement voluntary gender equality training for recruitment practices, hire fewer women than companies that implement mandatory training.
  • More than 50% of women in tech report gender inequality, discrimination, or sexual harassment in male-dominated environments.
  • In prior years, women have received as little as 2% of all investment funds in a given year and receive far less global venture capital funding than male entrepreneurs.
  • Pandemic conditions are among the more significant challenges women face, with over 50% of women reporting difficulties due to pandemic workplace changes.
  • Companies that perform intersectional pay audits hire women at 1.3 times the rate of other companies.

What Percentage of Women Work in Tech?

As of 2022, women held just 26.7% of tech-related jobs, and the numbers thinned out the higher up the chain you climbed. Shockingly, there are only two African American female CEOs of Fortune 500 Companies.

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Taking a closer look, we see that of the 141,038 women who worked in the tech industry in 2021, 56% or 79,163 were women of color. Mid-size tech-sector companies led the way in promoting workplace diversity, boasting more than 53% of the industry's leading employers.

In 2021, 6 tech companies achieved representational parity in the workplace, setting the example for other tech jobs.

Key Statistics:

  • As of 2022, women worked just 26.7% of tech-related jobs
  • The total number of women in tech-related positions decreased by 2.1% from 2020 to 2021
  • Of a sample of 552,751 tech employees across 56 companies, 141,038 employees were women
  • Of 141,038 women in technology-related jobs in 2021, 79,163 (56%) were women of color
  • Mid-size technology companies made up 53% of the industry's leading employers of women
  • Six tech companies achieved representational parity in at least one career level in 2021

Sources: Jump to the source list

Women's Representation in Big Tech

In 2021, technology industry employers reported representation of women within their labor force as generally in line with the industry average of 26%. Still, the total representation of women in big tech jobs decreased by 2.1% from 2020 to 2021, with smaller tech companies receiving the most significant hit at 5.1%.

Most companies promoted unbiased hiring, training, and promotional practices and offered parental leave for new parents. Big tech firms fell behind mid-sized technology companies in 2021, with mid-sized companies making up more than half of the top-ranking companies list.

Key Statistics:

  • Women's representation in tech companies with more than 10,000 workers was 26.2 % in 2021
  • Representation of women in big tech fell by 2.1% in 2021
  • Mid-size technology companies surpassed big tech firms in terms of workplace quality, with over 50% of the top-rated employers
  • 83.6% of technology companies operate with unbiased hiring and training practices
  • 75.5% of tech companies reported implemented pay equities policies in the workplace
    pay-equity-polices-min.png
  • At the internship career level, women make up 39% of the tech industry workforce
  • Women hold 32.8% of entry-level positions in computer science-related jobs
  • Just 10.9% of those holding CEO or senior leadership roles are women
  • The industry standard for the percentage of women employed in tech career positions is 26%

Sources: Jump to the source list

Percentage of Women in the Workforce

Globally women account for 47.7% of the workforce.

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The latest Bureau of Labor Statistics shows that 57.4% of women participated in the workforce that year in the US. Even though that number increased from 57.1% in the previous year, it was still 2.6% below 1999’s peak of 60.0%.

When comparing these Bureau statistics, the male workforce was 69.2% in 2019, and this was 17.4% below the peak of 86.6% back in 1948.

Key Statistics:

  • Globally, women account for 47.7% of the global workforce.
  • 57.4% of all women in the US participated in the workforce in 2019, with women holding 50.4% of all jobs.
  • 50.2% of the college-educated workforce in the US are women.
  • Canada has the highest representation of females in the workforce, at 61.3%.
  • 69.8% of women polled said that they would rather work a paid job than stay at home, higher than the 66.5% of men asked the same question.

Sources: Jump to the source list

Male vs. Female CEO Statistics

In 2021, the representation of women in c-suite positions continued to decrease, primarily due to market changes, to 10% during the pandemic.

The percentage of women in c-suite roles as female leadership of Fortune 500 companies increased overall but stalled in intersectional growth, with just two black women CEOs. Black women CEOs, overall, are paid an average of 38% less than their white male counterparts.

Key Statistics:

  • Just 10% of those in c-suite professional roles were women
  • Since 2019, the representation of women in senior vice president roles has decreased from 18% to 13%
  • Black women CEOs received up to 38% less in pay than their white male coworkers and counterparts
  • 2 Black women were Fortune 500 CEOs in 2021
  • Among the 3,000 largest U.S. companies, only 5.5% of the CEOs were women
    women-ceo-in-us-min.png
  • CEOs of women-led startups made 0.89 cents for every dollar that male tech CEOs made
  • In 2021, female tech CEO's took an industry pay cut at an average of 27%, while male salaries rose by 1%

Sources: Jump to the source list

What Percentage of Software Engineers Are Female?

25.1% of the 329,559 currently employed software engineers are women in the US, with the average age being 39 years old. Though the overall percentage of women who hold software engineering positions has been rising, it’s clear women still only hold one in four software engineering positions.

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The current average salary for software engineers is $86,157, with female software engineers making 0.93 cents per every dollar earned by male coworkers. The predominant ethnicity among both male and female software engineers is white, at 52.3%.

Key Statistics:

  • Of the 329,559 software engineers employed in the United States in 2021, 25.1% were women.
  • As in other tech industry fields, the predominant ethnicity among both male and female workers was white at 52.3%
  • The average annual salary for software engineers was $86,157
  • In 2021, female software engineers made 0.93 cents to every dollar earned by a male software engineer
  • Women held one in five of the senior software engineering positions available
  • Up to 33% of the current software engineering workforce were Asian or Asian American

Sources: Jump to the source list

What Percentage Of Computer Science Majors Are Female?

As of 2021, one in four software engineers were female. Though trends indicate up to 19% job growth in computer science tech, the percentage of women receiving new computer science degrees declines at 18%.

Computer science boasts a smaller gender pay gap than other tech fields, with women making up to 94 cents of every dollar their male counterparts earn. Women of color are in the bottom percentages in other tech industry sectors, with just 6.3% of degree holders being Black or Hispanic.

Key Statistics:

  • The Bureau of Labor Statistics projects a growth of up to 19% in computer science jobs between now and 2026.
  • Despite potential job growth in the field, the female pursuit of computer science degrees was on the decline at 18% in 2021.
  • Computer science has a smaller gender pay gap than other tech groups, with female employees earning 94% of what men in the same field made.
  • Black and Hispanic women made up the lower tier of computer science degree holders, with just 6.3% representation in the field.
  • Asian men and women comprised up to 25% of the computer sciences workforce.

Sources: Jump to the source list

Hiring new female employees for tech jobs rose to 39% in 2021, despite new hire percentages falling overall.

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White employees made up the most significant percentage of new hires in other tech sectors, with 10.9% white females. Companies utilizing mandatory gender bias training hired more women.

Key Statistics:

  • The rate of new hires in the technical workforce fell from 20% in 2020 to just 14% in 2021
  • The percentage of new tech industry hires that were women increased from 29.4% in 2020 to 30.9% in 2021
  • White women made up 10.9% of new hires.
  • Asian women were 13.1% of the new hire workforce in tech.
  • Black, multiracial, Indigenous, Pacific Islander, and Latin women made up the bottom 6% of all tech industry new hires.
  • Companies implementing mandatory unbiasing training for the hiring process had a female new hire rate of 34.5%, compared to 28.8% for companies with voluntary training.

Sources: Jump to the source list

The gender gap is alive and well in the tech workforce, with women being 22% more likely to report experiencing imposter syndrome. Up to 50% of women reported experiencing gender discrimination during the hiring process or at work.

66% of women reported no clear path for advancement or improvement within their tech careers.

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Women of color were underrepresented in tech workplaces as in other tech sectors.

Key Statistics:

  • 48% of women in tech and STEM jobs reported some form of discrimination in the recruitment or hiring process
  • 39% of women viewed gender bias as a significant barrier in tech job access
  • 66% of women reported a lack of a clear path forward in tech professions
  • African American women held 3% of all computing jobs
  • Women were 22% more likely than men to report experiencing "imposter syndrome" in tech and STEM professions
  • 50% of women reported some form of gender discrimination or sexual harassment in the workplace
  • 66% of women entrepreneurs found it challenging to obtain funding for business success
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  • Women received just 2% of total investor funding in prior years
  • Women in tech were twice as likely to be laid off or furloughed as male tech workers

Sources: Jump to the source list

As of 2021, women-owned up to 40% of currently operating U.S. businesses.

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64% of all new women-owned companies were started by Black, Latina, or Asian women, with Latina-owned companies growing more than 87% in 2021 alone.

Despite this trend, however, women still received far fewer investment and funding opportunities for new businesses, in prior years receiving as little as 2% of all invested funds in the given year.

More women in c-suite and senior leadership positions in tech reported burnout conditions, with 57% of women in STEM fields suffering from the condition.

Key Statistics:

  • Women-owned 40% of all U.S. businesses
  • 64% of all new women-owned businesses had female founders of color
  • Despite growth and trends in new women-owned businesses, just 10.9% of CEO positions were held by women
  • Latina women-owned companies grew more than 87%
  • 66% of women entrepreneurs found it challenging to obtain business funding
  • In prior years, women received just 2% of total investor funding, and women-led businesses comprised only 4.9% of all venture capital deals.
  • More women CEOs and women in executive-level positions experienced burnout, with 57% of women in tech reporting the condition.
  • Female entrepreneurs asked for roughly $35,000 less in salaries than male entrepreneurs.
  • Women receive almost $5000 less in loans on average than male respondents

Sources: Jump to the source list

Women in Tech Statistics: COVID-19 & Remote Work

COVID-19 has significantly impacted workplace policy, hiring practices, employee retention, and other factors. In response to pandemic conditions, 16.7% of tech workplace employers implemented a flex or remote work policy, bringing the total percentages of companies offering flextime to 94.4%.

More working mothers exited the workforce in response to the pandemic than men, comprising more than 75% of the 1.2 million parents who left the workforce in 2020. Many women and men indicated they would seek another employment if their current job required them to return to in-office work.

Key Statistics:

  • 16.7% of workplaces enacted a permanent remote work policy in response to COVID-19.
  • The percentage of companies with an official flextime policy increased to 94.4% in 2021.
  • In 2020, more than 1.2 million parents exited the workforce, with working mothers making up around 75% of that number.
  • 54% of women surveyed report that pandemic conditions have made it challenging to stay employed in tech positions.
  • Over 50% of men and women working indicated they would search for a new job if their employer asked them to return to in-office work.

Sources: Jump to the source list

Overall Hiring, Retention, and Advancement

In 2021, companies with active gender diversity and gender equality policies reported hiring women at higher rates than companies without active policies.

In 2021, 30.9% of new hires were women, with African American, Indigenous, Latina, and Pacific Islander women comprising the smallest portions of these hires. 11.3% of women working in tech jobs exited in 2021, with 16.9% of women technologists reporting a promotion or advancement.

Key Statistics:

  • Companies that actively balance their male-to-female ratio of employees pay rates and advancement opportunities employed women at higher rates
  • 30.9% of new tech hires in 2021 were women.
    new-hires-in-2021-min.png
  • 11.3% of women working in tech and stem jobs exited in 2021.
  • In 2021, 16.9% of women technologists reported receiving a promotion or advancement with their current employer.
  • Tech companies performing intersectional pay audits reported hiring women at 1.3 times the rate of companies with no intersectional pay audits.

Sources: Jump to the source list

What Can We Do to Boost Gender Diversity in Tech?

Improve Weak Management Support for Gender Diversity

The best way to get more women into the average tech workplace is to start the change from the inside out. Young aspiring female professionals and female students need to see women in technology to have female role models.

With better access to opportunity, equal pay, gender unbias training, workplace protections against harassment, and more, current workplace support for intersectional diversity can help close the gender gap and put more women in more tech jobs.

Encourage More Female Students to Study STEM Subjects

Archaic behaviors and discriminations in male-dominated tech environments often discourage women from pursuing higher-education STEM-related studies.

By providing women with systems of emotional and authoritative support within settings that might foster sexual harassment, gender discrimination, and other issues, we can close the gender gap.

Hire Based on Skill, Not Gender

The simplest and most effective way to boost women in technology and achieve gender equality in the workplace is to hire based on skill and potential, not gender.

Women-in-technology statistics indicate that hiring based on a candidate's potential provides an opportunity for that candidate's growth as well as the growth of the company in terms of gender diversity.

Conclusion

In conclusion, the representation of women in the technology industry shrank in 2021, primarily due to pandemic-related workplace dynamics. However, employment rates for women in tech remain low, especially among African Americans and other women of non-white ethnicity.

Women-in-technology statistics indicate that companies practicing intersectional pay equity reviews, unbiased hiring practices, and skill-based promotions hire and retain the most women. Mid-sized technology firms consistently ranked among the best places to work for women in technology in 2021.

Sources:

Written By
Josh Howarth
Co-founder of Exploding Topics.
548 Market St. Suite 95149
San Francisco, California
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